Frame Your Subject
A framed point of view can create dynamic photograph
Let's get something straight.
When I say frame your subject, I do not mean for you to blackmail them and I am not talking about the frame and glass you use to protect your photo from the elements. Neither one is going to help your composition.
The framing I am talking about happens within the photo itself.
How to Frame
In order to frame, all you have to do is take your photograph through some object that will create a border around the outer edges of the photo. The framing element does not have to go all the way around the photo — sometimes just a couple of sides will do.
A frame can be a window, door, trees, log or anything else that will surround the outside edge of your photo.
Frames are typically darker than the rest of the photograph. Often the light striking your subject will be much brighter than the light on your frame. This results in a dark and sometimes black frame.
A frame can either be in focus or out of focus, and this depends entirely upon how much depth of field you want to achieve.
Why Framing Helps
Creating an artifical frame around your primary subject draws the viewer's attention to it.
A frame is also a dominant foreground element, and this works in conjunction with the landscape principle of foreground, middleground and background. It gives the photograph depth.